A talk on Ethical Considerations of Assisted Reproduction

On July 25, 1978, a girl named Louise Brown was born in Oldham, United Kingdom, after her parents underwent in vitro fertilization. Since then, approximately 8.5 million babies have been born worldwide through in vitro fertilization. The normal physiological process of fertility is that the woman lays eggs, the eggs are fertilized in the fallopian tube by sperm from the man, and the fertilized egg implants in the uterus until the baby is born. Infertility/subfertility means that the process described above cannot be successfully completed within a certain time frame. The help to complete the process successfully are the assisted reproductive techniques (ART). Assistance may be required in; Egg Production- Controlled Ovarian Hyperstimulation (COH) Intra Uterine Insemination (IUI) In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) Sperm and Egg Donation Cryopreservation Surrogacy Some Surgical interference in the male e.g.; varicocelectomy TESA etc. Pre-implantation genetic Diagnoses and Treatment Genetic Condition may be isolated with appropriate action taken. Sex determination may be undertaken

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